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Performance of ground improvement by precompression and vertical drain

Mohamed, Rosdi (2008) Performance of ground improvement by precompression and vertical drain. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Civil Engineering.

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Ground improvement is required when construction has to take place on geotechnically unsuitable material such as soft clay. This paper discusses the performance of ground improvement by pre-compression and vertical drain implemented for the construction of permanent campus of Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) in Kuala Pahang, Pekan. The comparison was made in terms of engineering properties of the soil such as shear strength and compressibility characteristics before and after improvement and the achievement of criteria in terms of time and post construction settlement. The soil investigation showed that subsoil profile consisted of four layers whereby the thickness of compressible layer varies from 6 to 14 m. Settlement monitoring showed that the required pre-construction settlement was achieved in less than six months after the completion of ground improvement by pre-compression. Installation of the vertical drains in swampy area further reduced the consolidation time to about one month. The undrained shear strength (Su) of the soft compressible layer increased from 6 - 30 kPa to about 67 kPa while the compression index (Cc) decreased from about 0.2 - 0.6 to about 0.33. The coefficient of consolidation (Cv) of the soft soil layer decreases from 6m2/yr - 21m2/yr to about 2.11m2/yr - 3.64m2/yr due to compaction and consolidation process.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Kejuruteraan (Awam - Geoteknik)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2008; Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hjh. Nurly Gofar
Uncontrolled Keywords:ground improvement, soft clay, pre-compression, vertical drain, case study, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:9860
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:18 May 2010 09:49
Last Modified:10 Sep 2012 06:05

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