Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Modelling and simulation of nanostructure for single electron transitors

Mat Isa, Ahmad Radzi and Kasmin, Mohd Khalid and Musa, Nor Muniroh (2009) Modelling and simulation of nanostructure for single electron transitors. Project Report. Faculty of Science, Skudai, Johor. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Semiconductor clusters have occupied the centre of scientific interest because of their unique electronic nature. Among the group III-V compound clusters, the gallium arsenide clusters have been the focus of this research due to their importance in constructing fast microelectric devices. The electronic structures of gallium arsenide clusters were studied. The simulations were carried out by using VASP (Vienna Ab-Initio Software Package) which utilizes the method of density functional theory (DFT) and plane wave basis set. Gallium arsenide clusters with surface passivated by hydrogen, GaxAsyHz were simulated to obtain the density of states (DOS) as well as bandstructure for each cluster. From the DOS graphs, discrete spectrum was observed instead of bulk-like continuous DOS which is the evolvement from bulk to nano-size. Bandstructure graphs also showed the discrete energy level in consistence with the discrete energy spectrum from DOS. It was found that the bandgaps for hydrogenated gallium arsenide clusters increases with the decrease in size. Bare gallium arsenide clusters, GaxAsy were also simulated (x + y ≤ 15) gallium arsenide atoms. Optimization was performed to obtain the ground state structure. The bandgaps for the ground state gallium arsenide clusters do not show a decreasing trend with the increment of cluster size as that of hydrogenated gallium arsenide cluster. The electronic structures of optimized clusters are affected by the surface orientation of the clusters. Comparison of the bandgap values for GaxAsyHz and GaxAsy was made.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Science
ID Code:9754
Deposited By: Noor Aklima Harun
Deposited On:22 Jun 2010 03:01
Last Modified:22 Jun 2010 08:58

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