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Analysis of residual atmospheric delay in the low latitude regions using network-based GPS positioning

Musa, Tajul A. (2007) Analysis of residual atmospheric delay in the low latitude regions using network-based GPS positioning. PhD thesis, University of New South Wales, Australia, School of Surveying & Spatial Info System, Faculty of Engineering.

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Official URL: http://ac.utm.my/web/tajulariffin


The atmosphere in low latitude regions is of particular interest to GPS researchers because the propagation of GPS signals becomes significantly delayed compared with other regions of the world. Hence this limits GPS positioning accuracy in equatorial regions. Although the atmospheric delay can be modelled, a residual component will still remain. Reducing, or mitigating the effect of residual atmospheric delay is of great interest, and remains a challenge, especially in equatorial regions. Analysis of relative positioning accuracy of GPS baselines has confirmed that the residual atmospheric delay is distance-dependent, even in low latitude areas. Residual ionospheric delay is the largest component in terms of both absolute magnitude and variability. However it can be largely eliminated by forming the ionosphere-free combination of measurements made on two frequencies. The residual tropospheric delay is smaller in magnitude but rather problematic due to strong spatio-temporal variations of its wet component. Introducing additional troposphere “scale factors� in the least squares estimation of relative position can reduce the effect of the residual. In a local GPS network, the distance-dependent errors can be spatially modelled by network-based positioning. The network-based technique generates a network “correction� for user positioning. The strategy is to partition this network correction into dispersive and non-dispersive components. The latter can be smoothed in order to enhance the ionosphere-free combination, and can be of benefit to ambiguity resolution. After this step, both the dispersive and non-dispersive correction components can be used in the final positioning step. Additional investigations are conducted for stochastic modelling of network-based positioning. Based on the least squares residuals, the variance-covariance estimation technique can be adapted to static network-based positioning. Moreover, a two-step procedure can be employed to deal with the temporal correlation in the measurements. Test results on GPS networks in low latitude and mid-latitude areas have demonstrated that the proposed network-based positioning strategy works reasonably well in resolving the ambiguities, assisting the ambiguity validation process and in computing the user’s position. Furthermore, test results of stochastic modelling in various GPS networks suggests that there are improvements in validating the ambiguity resolution results and handling the temporal correlation, although the positioning result do not differ compared to using the simple stochastic model typically used in standard baseline processing.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:equatorial regions
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions:Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5686
Deposited By: En. Tajul Ariffin Musa
Deposited On:14 Jun 2008 07:20
Last Modified:12 Oct 2017 05:26

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