Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Imaging of solid flow in a gravity flow rig using infra-red tomography

Md. Yunus, Mohd. Amri (2005) Imaging of solid flow in a gravity flow rig using infra-red tomography. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Electrical Engineering.

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Abstract

Information on flow regimes is vital in the analysis and measurement of industrial process flow. Almost all currently available method of measuring the flow of two-component mixtures in industrial pipelines endeavors to average a property of the flow over the pipe cross-section. They do not give information on the nature of the flow regime and they are unsuitable for accurate measurement where the component distribution is spatially or time varying. The overall aim of this project is to investigate the use of an optical tomography method based on infra-red sensors for real-time monitoring of solid particles conveyed by a rotary valve in a pneumatic pipeline. The infra-red tomography system can be divided into two distinct portions of hardware and software development process. The hardware development process covers the infra-red sensor selection, fixtures and signals conditioning circuits, and control circuits. The software development involves data acquisition system, sensor modeling, image algorithms, and programming for a tomographic display to provide solids flow information in pipeline such as concentration and velocity profiles. Collimating the radiated beam from a light source and passing it via a flow regime ensures that the intensity of radiation detected on the opposite side is linked to the distribution and the absorption coefficients of the different phases in the path of the beam. The information is obtained from the combination of two orthogonal and two diagonal light projection system and 30 cycles of real-time measurements. Those information on the flow captured using upstream and downstream infra-red sensors are digitized by the DAS system before it was passed into a computer for analysis such as image reconstructions and cross-correlation process that provide velocity profiles represented by 16 × 16 pixels mapped onto the pipe cross-section. This project successfully developed and tested an infra-red tomography system to display two-dimensional images of concentration and velocity.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Master of Engineering (Electrical)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2005; Supervisor : Dr. Sallehuddin B Ibrahim
Uncontrolled Keywords:Flow regimes (image reconstruction), flow velocity, infra-red tomography system, optical tomography method
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:4367
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:05 Oct 2007 07:26
Last Modified:25 Jul 2012 07:48

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