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The effects of nominal maximum aggregate size on the properties of hot mix asphalt using gyratory compactor

Chong, Elizabeth Eu Mee (2006) The effects of nominal maximum aggregate size on the properties of hot mix asphalt using gyratory compactor. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Civil Engineering.

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Abstract

The introduction of Superpave mix design in 1993 in the United States has categorized mixes based on the nominal maximum aggregate size (NMAS). The centerpiece of the mix design is the Superpave Gyratory Compactor (SGC). Properties of hot mix asphalt (HMA) have always been associated with pavement deformations. This study looks into the effects of NMAS on the properties of Malaysian HMA mixtures, which includes optimum bitumen content (OBC), bulk specific gravity (Gmb), theoretical maximum density (TMD), water absorption (WA), voids in mineral aggregate (VMA), voids filled with bitumen (VFB), and dust to binder ratio (D:B). Thus, a better understanding of the properties can reduce the pavement deformations. A total of four asphaltic concrete mix designs with different NMAS were prepared in accordance with the JKR Specification, namely AC10, AC14, AC20, and AC28. Specimens of each mix design with varying bitumen content were compacted to 75 and 100 gyrations using SGC to obtain 4±1% air voids. It was observed that as the NMAS increased, the OBC and VMA decreased. The Gmb, TMD, WA, and D:B showed opposite trend of the earlier properties. T-tests indicated that all properties except VMA were affected by NMAS. VMA for AC20 failed the minimum requirement initially but when calculated using the average asphalt film thickness method, it was acceptable. Different compaction efforts showed the same pattern on the properties except VFB while t-tests revealed that OBC, TMD, VMA, and D:B were significantly affected. Investigation also showed that AC20 is the best mix from the economic and durability point of views

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Master of Engineering (Civil - Transportation and Highway)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2006
Uncontrolled Keywords:Superpave mix design; Superior Performing Asphalt Pavement; relation of NMAS to Pavement Deformations; determination of optimum bitumen content
Subjects:T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:2071
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:23 Mar 2007 01:13
Last Modified:14 Nov 2012 04:39

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