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Development of a computational framework for protein homology detection by incorporating realignment

Abdullah , Mohamad Firdaus (2010) Development of a computational framework for protein homology detection by incorporating realignment. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Computer Science and Information System.

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Abstract

Remote protein homology detection is a problem of detecting evolutionary relationship between proteins at low sequence similarity level. Among several problems in remote protein homology detection include the questions of determining which combination of multiple alignment and classification techniques is the best as well as the misalignment of protein sequences during the alignment process. Therefore, this study deals with remote protein homology detection via assessing the impact of using structural information on protein multiple alignments over sequence information. This study further presents the best combinations of multiple alignment and classification programs to be chosen. This study also improves the quality of the multiple alignments via integration of a refinement algorithm. The framework of this study began with datasets preparation on datasets from SCOP version 1.73, followed by multiple alignments of the protein sequences using CLUSTALW, MAFFT, ProbCons and T-Coffee for sequence-based multiple alignments and 3DCoffee, MAMMOTH-mult, MUSTANG and PROMALS3D for structural-based multiple alignments. Next, a refinement algorithm was applied on the protein sequences to reduce misalignments. Lastly, the aligned protein sequences were classified using the pHMMs generative classifier such as HMMER and SAM and also SVMs discriminative classifier such as SVM-Fold and SVM-Struct. The performances of assessed programs were evaluated using Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC), Precision and Recall tests. The result from this study shows that the combination of refined SVM-Struct and PROMALS3D performs the best against other programs, which suggests that this combination is the best for remote protein homology detection. This study also shows that the use of the refinement algorithm increases the performance of the multiple alignments programs by at least 4 percent.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Supervisor : Dr. Muhamad Razib Othman; Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Sains Komputer)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 2010
Uncontrolled Keywords:computational biology, homology (Biology)
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Computer Science and Information System (Formerly known)
ID Code:16360
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:23 Mar 2014 03:44
Last Modified:23 Mar 2014 04:05

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