Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Two-layer SVM classifier for remote protein homology detection and fold recognition

Muda, Mohd. Hilmi (2009) Two-layer SVM classifier for remote protein homology detection and fold recognition. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Systems.

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Abstract

Advances in molecular biology in the past years have yielded an unprecedented amount of new protein sequences. The resulting sequences describe a protein in terms of the amino acids that constitute them without structural or functional protein information. Therefore, remote protein homology detection and fold recognition algorithms have become increasingly important to detect the structural homology in proteins where there are small or no similarity at all in the sequences compared. However, it is a challenging task to detect and classify this similarity with more biological meaning in the context of Structural Classification of Proteins (SCOP) database. This study presents a new computational framework based on two-layer SVM classifier that uses protein sequences as a primary source. The first layer is used to detect up to superfamily level in the SCOP hierarchy using one-versus-all SVM binary classifiers and the Bio-kernel function. The second layer uses SVM with fold recognition codes and the profile-string kernel to leverage the unlabeled data and to detect up to fold level in the SCOP hierarchy. The proposed framework is tested using SCOP 1.53, 1.67 and 1.73 datasets and the results are evaluated using mean Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) and mean Median Rate of False Positives (MRFP). In terms of mean ROC, the experiment shows 4.19% improvement in SCOP 1.53 dataset, 4.75% in SCOP 1.67 dataset and 4.03% in SCOP 1.73 dataset compared to the existing SVM-based classifiers and kernel functions. This result shows that the proposed framework is capable to perform well using different versions of datasets and has outperformed existing methods, which implies the reliability of the framework.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Sains Komputer)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2010; Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Puteh Saad
Uncontrolled Keywords:SVM classifier, remote protein homology, fold recognition
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Computer Science and Information System (Formerly known)
ID Code:11488
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:17 Dec 2010 02:00
Last Modified:20 Jul 2012 02:03

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