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Fuzzy-based user modelling for motivation assessment in programming learning adaptive web-based education systems

Thinakaran, Rajermani (2020) Fuzzy-based user modelling for motivation assessment in programming learning adaptive web-based education systems. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Razak Faculty of Technology & Informatics.


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Learning programming is not an easy task and students often find this subject difficult to understand and pass. One way to improve students’ knowledge in programming is by using Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) through Adaptive Web-Based Education Systems (AWBESs). The objective of ITS is to provide a personalized tutoring that is tailored to the student’s needs. User modelling is one of the key factors that can meet the ITS intended objectives. From the literature, it was discovered that motivation stands out as one of the critical students’ characteristics that need to be considered when designing a user model. However, from the previous studies, it was discovered that almost all the researchers and educators constructed the user model based on knowledge and skills as students’ characteristics. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop a user model based on students’ motivation known as the Motivation Assessment Model. This is a model that is able to assess students’ motivation level and deliver tutorial materials accordingly. The Motivation Assessment Model was developed based on Self-Efficacy theory that contributes to the fundamental motivation factor which influences students’ motivation during the learning process. Furthermore, to assess the motivation level, fuzzy logic technique was applied. A tutoring system was then developed based on the proposed model using ITS architecture and ADDIE instructional design model. In order to determine students’ knowledge level after using the tutoring system, pre- and post-tests were conducted on the controlled group and experimental group (30 and 31 students). The learning achievements between experimental group (mean = 3.00) and control group (mean = 2.00) indicated that the tutoring system is significantly more effective in improving students’ knowledge level compared to the traditional approach. A usability evaluation was also conducted whereby the effectiveness was evaluated at the number of errors (7.5%) and completion rate (86.5%); efficiency (mean = 4.85); satisfaction evaluated at task level (mean = 6.77) and test level (mean = 83.55). As a conclusion, the overall tutoring system usability results are accepted by students in the experimental group. The research contribution to knowledge is the development of the proposed Motivation Assessment Model for ITS.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), Adaptive Web-Based Education Systems (AWBESs)
Subjects:L Education > L Education (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ID Code:98094
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:14 Nov 2022 17:53
Last Modified:14 Nov 2022 17:53

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