Modelling seagrass blue carbon stock in seagrass-mangrove habitats using remote sensing approach

Sani, Dalhatu Aliyu (2020) Modelling seagrass blue carbon stock in seagrass-mangrove habitats using remote sensing approach. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

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Modelling seagrass blue carbon stocks are essential to complement the satellitebased remote sensing in detecting the underground seagrass carbon stocks. The green carbon initiatives have for long reported the detailed mapping and estimation procedural as well as the audit protocol of the global terrestrial carbon stocks. Research on the blue carbon mapping and its related modelling and estimation, on the other hand, is rarely if ever published as part of its importance is realised but remained scattered. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating blue carbon stocks in seagrass habitats by estimating the total carbon stored in seagrass using the satellite-based technique. The specific objectives are to : 1) assess and adapt some selected models for deriving seagrass total above-ground carbon (STAGC); 2) formulate new approach based-on selected models to combine with in-situ data, to model and estimate blue carbon stocks from seagrass total below-ground carbon (STBGC); 3) develop a novel technique using the selected models with soil organic carbon (SOC) to model and estimate the blue carbon stocks from seagrass total soil organic carbon (STSOC); and 4) integrate all the models (STAGC, STBGC, and STSOC) to produce a framework for the mapping and estimation of seagrass total blue carbon stock (STBCS). Suitable logistic functions were selected and applied on the satellite images to investigate seagrass, and soil carbon stocks along the seagrass meadows of Peninsular Malaysia (PM) coastline All the Landsat ETM+’s shortwave visible bands (blue, green, red) were employed for detecting and mapping seagrass stocks boundary within the coastline of PM. The derivation of STAGC was adopted from the existing bottom reflectance index (BRI) based technique via establishing a strong relationship between BRI with seagrass total aboveground biomass (STAGB). While for STBGC estimation, the STAGB^ (STAGB obtained from BRI image) were correlated with seagrass total below-ground biomass derived from insitu measurement (STBGB^^ro). Both these STAGB^ and STBGB^.^ro were converted into STAGC and STBGC using a conversion factor. Furthermore, the derivation of seagrass total soil organic carbon derived via laboratory test (STSOCi^b) was achieved through correlating BRI values with corresponding in-situ samples of soil organic carbon (SOC) obtained from the laboratory analysis by the Carbon-Hydrogen Nitrogen Sulphur (CHNS) analyser. These models were generated from the three major sample areas (Johor, Penang, and Terengganu), which were used to estimate the entire seagrass carbon stocks in the coastline of PM. The models revealed a robust correlation results for BRI versus STAGB (R2 = 0.962, p< 0.001), STAGB^, versus STBGB/A,wro (R2 = 0.933, p< 0.001,), and BRI and STSOC (R2 = 0 .989, p< 0.001) respectively. The STBCS for the whole seagrass meadows along the coastline of PM was finally realised, demonstrating a good agreement in accuracy assessment (Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) = +- <1MtC/ha\). It is, therefore, concluded that the new approach introduced by this research on STBGC and STSOC estimation was tested and proved significant on the entire STBCS quantification for the PM coastline. The contributions are critical to fast-track the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreement to report the STBCS contents. Hence, this study has managed to propose a new fundamental initiative for estimating STBCS for speedy realisation of 2020 agenda on targets 14.2 and 14.5 of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 14th (life below the water).

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:seagrass blue carbon stocks, seagrass habitats, seagrass total soil organic carbon
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.39-70.6 Remote sensing
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:96134
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:04 Jul 2022 12:47
Last Modified:04 Jul 2022 12:47

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