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Identifying individuals using EEG-based brain connectivity patterns

Hussain, Hadri and Ting, Chee Ming and A. Jalil, M. and Ray, Kanad and Rizvi, S. Z. H. and Kavikumar, J. and M. Noman, Fuad and Ahmad Zubaidi, A. L. and Low, Yin Fen and Sh. Hussain, Sh. Hussain and Mahmud, Mufti and Kaiser, M. Shamim and Ali, J. (2021) Identifying individuals using EEG-based brain connectivity patterns. In: 14th International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2021, 17 September 2021 - 19 September 2021, Virtual, Online.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86993-9_12


Considering the recent rapid advancements in digital technology, electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is a potential candidate for a robust human biometric authentication system. In this paper the focus of investigation is the use of brain activity as a new modality for identification. Univariate model biometrics such as speech, heart sound and electrocardiogram (ECG) require high-resolution computer system with special devices. The heart sound is obtained by placing the digital stethoscope on the chest, the ECG signals at the hands or chest of the client and speaks into a microphone for speaker recognition. It is challenging task when adapting these technologies to human beings. This paper proposed a series of tasks in a single paradigm rather than having users perform several tasks one by one. The advantage of using brain electrical activity as suggested in this work is its uniqueness; the recorded brain response cannot be duplicated, and a person’s identity is therefore unlikely to be forged or stolen. The disadvantage of applying univariate is that the process only includes correlation in time precedence of a signal, while the correlation between regions is ignored. The inter-regional could not be assessed directly from univariate models. The alternative to this problem is the generalization of univariate model to multivariate modeling, hypothesized that the inter-regional correlations could give additional information to discriminate between brain conditions where the models or methods can measure the synchronization between coupling regions and the coherency among them on brain biometrics. The key issue is to handle the single task paradigm proposed in this paper with multivariate signal EEG classification using Multivariate Autoregressive (MVAR) rather than univariate model. The brain biometric systems obtained a significant result of 95.33% for dynamic Vector autoregressive (VAR) time series and 94.59% for Partial Directed Coherence (PDC) and Coherence (COH) frequency domain features.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:multivariate autoregressive, partial directed coherence, vector autoregressive
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:96066
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:03 Jul 2022 14:59
Last Modified:03 Jul 2022 14:59

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