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Safety program elements in the construction industry: The case of Iraq

Buniya, Mohanad Kamil and Othman, Idris and Durdyev, Serdar and Sunindijo, Riza Yosia and Ismail, Syuhaida and Kineber, Ahmed Farouk (2021) Safety program elements in the construction industry: The case of Iraq. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (2). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1661-7827


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020411


The construction industries’ unsafe conditions require increased efforts to improve safety performance to prevent and reduce accident rates. Safety performance in the Iraqi construction industry is notoriously poor. Despite this condition, safety research has so far been neglected. Implementing a safety program is a proven initial step to improve safety. Therefore, the aim of this study is to identify the key elements of a safety program in the Iraqi construction industry. To verify and validate a list of safety program elements identified in the literature review, a mixed method approach was used by using interviews and questionnaire surveys. A final list of 25 elements were then analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The analysis found that these elements can be grouped into four interrelated dimensions: Management commitment and employee involvement, worksite analysis, hazard prevention and control systems, and safety and health training. This study contributes to the body of knowledge on safety in the Iraqi construction sector, a research area which has not been adequately investigated previously. They also help decision-makers focus on key elements that are needed to start improving safety performance in this context.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Construction industry, Iraq
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ID Code:95985
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:01 Jul 2022 15:21
Last Modified:01 Jul 2022 15:21

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