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Building information modelling (Bim): Contractual issues of intellectual property rights (ipr) in construction projects

Baharom, Mohammad Haniff and Abdullah Habib, Siti Nora Haryati and Ismail, Syuhaida (2021) Building information modelling (Bim): Contractual issues of intellectual property rights (ipr) in construction projects. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 12 (1). pp. 170-178. ISSN 2180-3242


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.30880/ijscet.2021.12.01.017


Building Information Modelling (BIM) is an emerging technology that provides a platform for a comprehensive digital representation of a facility to be created by integrating data from design conception until demolition. In seeking the optimum use of BIM, a large degree of cooperation and collaboration among multi-disciplinary contributors are required for the digital data exchange and sharing process to be deployed. This situation, however, brings up new issues in delineating liabilities and limitations of contributors as the demarcation line of each contributor becomes unclear. In Malaysia, there is no known BIM-enabled standard form of contract that preserves the intellectual property rights (IPR) of the BIM projects’ contributors. Therefore, the present study attempts to investigate the issues pertaining to IPR in the context of BIM adoption in the construction project. Qualitative methodology involving literature review, analysis of existing IPR provisions and semi-structured interviews with the experts were conducted. The research identified two major issues related to IPR in BIM projects: copyright ownership of the BIM model and data infringement. This paper is substantial to deliver knowledge to the construction industry practitioners regarding the legal and contractual considerations in the adoption of BIM.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Building Information Modelling (BIM), Contractual risk
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ID Code:95925
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:29 Jun 2022 16:16
Last Modified:29 Jun 2022 16:16

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