Hybridization of MMT/Lignocellulosic fiber reinforced polymer nanocomposites for structural applications: a review

Alias, Aisyah Humaira and Norizan, Mohd. Nurazzi and Sabaruddin, Fatimah Athiyah and Muhammad Asyraf, Muhammad Rizal and Norrrahim, Mohd. Nor Faiz and Ilyas, Ahmad Rushdan and Kuzmin, Anton M. and Rayung, Marwah and Shazleen, Siti Shazra and Nazrin, Asmawi and Sherwani, Shah Faisal Khan and Harussani, Muhammad Moklis and Mahamud, Siti Nur Atikah and Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan and Mohd. Sapuan, Salit and Khalina, Abdan (2021) Hybridization of MMT/Lignocellulosic fiber reinforced polymer nanocomposites for structural applications: a review. Coatings, 11 (11). pp. 1-42. ISSN 2079-6412

[img] PDF
512kB

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/coatings11111355

Abstract

In the recent past, significant research effort has been dedicated to examining the usage of nanomaterials hybridized with lignocellulosic fibers as reinforcement in the fabrication of polymer nanocomposites. The introduction of nanoparticles like montmorillonite (MMT) nanoclay was found to increase the strength, modulus of elasticity and stiffness of composites and provide thermal stability. The resulting composite materials has figured prominently in research and development efforts devoted to nanocomposites and are often used as strengthening agents, especially for structural applications. The distinct properties of MMT, namely its hydrophilicity, as well as high strength, high aspect ratio and high modulus, aids in the dispersion of this inorganic crystalline layer in water-soluble polymers. The ability of MMT nanoclay to intercalate into the interlayer space of monomers and polymers is used, followed by the exfoliation of filler particles into monolayers of nanoscale particles. The present review article intends to provide a general overview of the features of the structure, chemical composition, and properties of MMT nanoclay and lignocellulosic fibers. Some of the techniques used for obtaining polymer nanocomposites based on lignocellulosic fibers and MMT nanoclay are described: (i) conventional, (ii) intercalation, (iii) melt intercalation, and (iv) in situ polymerization methods. This review also comprehensively discusses the mechanical, thermal, and flame retardancy properties of MMT-based polymer nanocomposites. The valuable properties of MMT nanoclay and lignocellulose fibers allow us to expand the possibilities of using polymer nanocomposites in various advanced industrial applications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bamboo, kenaf, MMT, natural fiber, polymer composites
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:95866
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Jun 2022 10:50
Last Modified:22 Jun 2022 10:50

Repository Staff Only: item control page