Declining performance of silicone-based magnetorheological elastomers after accelerated weathering

Wibowo, Wibowo and Lenggana, Bhre Wangsa and Ubaidillah, Ubaidillah and Ariawan, Dody and Imaduddin, Fitrian and Mazlan, Saiful Amri and Choi, Seung Bok (2021) Declining performance of silicone-based magnetorheological elastomers after accelerated weathering. Materials, 14 (21). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1996-1944

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14216389

Abstract

Magnetorheological elastomers (MRE)-based products are usually located in an area directly exposed to sunlight and rain. However, there is no specific research on the behavior of MRE after accelerated weathering. Therefore, in this study, the changes to the chemical and rheological properties of both isotropic and anisotropic MRE after accelerated weathering were examined. Treated and untreated specimens were compared. MRE specimens with 40% by weight CIP were prepared with no current excitation and another sample was prepared with 1.5 T of magnetic flux density. Each specimen was treated in an accelerated weathering machine, Q-Sun Xe-1 Xenon Test Chamber, under a UV light exposure cycle and water spray. A material characterization was carried out using FTIR and a rheometer to determine the changes to the chemical and rheological properties. The morphological analysis results showed that after the weather treatment, the surface was rough and more cavities occurred. The rheometer test results showed a significant decrease in the storage modulus of each treated MRE specimen, unlike the untreated MRE specimens. The decrease in the storage modulus value with currents of 0, 1, 2, and 3 Amperes was 66.67%, 78.9%, 85.2%, and 80.5%, respectively. Meanwhile, FTIR testing showed a change in the wave peak between the untreated and treated MRE specimens. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) also showed a decrease in MRE weight for each specimen. However, for both treated and untreated MRE specimens, the decrease in TGA was not significantly different. In all the tests carried out on the MRE samples, weather acceleration treatment caused significant changes. This is an important consideration for developers who choose silicone as the MRE matrix.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:magnetorheological elastomer, MRE, rheological, rubber, weather
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology
ID Code:95855
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Jun 2022 09:46
Last Modified:22 Jun 2022 09:46

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