Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Radiation dose assessment of 64 Multi-Slices Computed Tomography scanner

Omar, R. S. and Hashim, S. and Ghoshal, S. K. and Bradley, D. A. and Shariff, N. D. (2021) Radiation dose assessment of 64 Multi-Slices Computed Tomography scanner. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 178 . p. 108904. ISSN 0969-806X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.10890...


This paper reports the performance and dose assessment of the X-ray generator and CT dosimetry of 64 Multi-Slices Computed Tomography (MSCT) scanners operating under the CT scanning condition during the axial mode. The dose was evaluated at various parameters (kV, mA, and exposure time) using a multi-function detector (Unfors) and nanoDot™ optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs). The measured values of the weighted CT Dose Index (CTDIw) were obtained using a 100 mm standard pencil beam ion chamber and nanoDot™ OSLDs operated on a cylindrical PMMA phantom of 160 mm long (160 mm-diameter head and 320 mm-diameter). The CTDIw values were specified either according to the central axis or 10 mm from the 4 outer edges of the phantom. The two sizes of the phantoms based on the measurements of the CTDIw of the CT scanner were recorded. The values of CTDIw were calculated to determine the performance of the CT X-ray generator. The deviation accuracy of the tube voltage was ±5 kV or ±5% (whichever is greater) whereas the accuracy of the tube potential (mA) was ±10%. The execution of the CT dosimetry steps was shown to ensure patient safety with reduced risk during the improper selection of the dose. It is established that the measured CTDIw values for the radiation dosage under exceptional CT scanning conditions in the axial mode may enable to meet the manufacturer's guidelines (<±20%).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:MDCT, PMMA phantom
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:94586
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:31 Mar 2022 23:48
Last Modified:31 Mar 2022 23:48

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