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Tabulation of organ dose conversion factors for terrestrial radioactivity monitoring program

Sanusi, M. S. M. and Hassan, W. M. S. W. and Hashim, S. and Ramli, A. T. (2021) Tabulation of organ dose conversion factors for terrestrial radioactivity monitoring program. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 174 . ISSN 0969-8043

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2021.109791


Terrestrial radioactivity monitoring of 238U and 232Th series, and 40K in soil is an essential practice for radioactivity and radiation measurement of a place. In conventional practice, only basic data can be in-situ measured using a survey instrument, for example radioactivity concentration in soil and ambient dose equivalent rate. For other physical quantities, for example organ absorbed dose and organ equivalent dose, the measurement is impossible to be performed and can only be computed using Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations. In the past, most of the works only focused on calculating air-kerma-to-effective dose conversion factors. However, the information on organ dose conversion factors is scarcely documented and reported. This study was conducted to calculate organ absorbed and tissue-weighted equivalent dose conversion factors as a result of exposure from terrestrial gamma radiation. Series of organ dose conversion factors is produced based on computations from Monte Carlo MCNP5 simulations using modelled gamma irradiation geometry and established adult MIRD phantom. The study found out that most of the radiation exposed organs absorb energy at comparable rates, except for dense and superficial tissues i.e., skeleton and skin, which indicated slightly higher values. The good agreement between this work and previous studies demonstrated that our gamma irradiation geometry and modelling of gamma radiation sources are adequate. Therefore, the proposed organ dose conversion factors from this study are reasonably acceptable for dose estimation in environmental radioactivity monitoring practices.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Monte Carlo simulation, organ dose conversion factors., soil radioactivity
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:94393
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:31 Mar 2022 22:54
Last Modified:31 Mar 2022 22:54

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