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Evaluation of dyes removal by beta-cyclodextrin adsorbent

Sulaiman, N. S. and Zaini, M. A. A. and Arsad, A. (2019) Evaluation of dyes removal by beta-cyclodextrin adsorbent. In: 2019 Sustainable and Integrated Engineering International Conference, SIE 2019, 9-10 Dec 2019, Putrajaya, Malaysia.


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.696


This work was aimed at evaluating the adsorptive properties of beta-cyclodextrin (b-CD) adsorbent towards methylene blue and congo red dyes removal. The adsorbent was characterized for specific surface area and surface chemistry. The results show that the surface area of b-CD adsorbent is small at 0.1 m2/g and the surface chemistry is rich in acidic oxygen groups. The dyes adsorption onto b-CD is favourable. Congo red adsorption exhibits a greater rate constant of 0.103 min-1 and a relatively shorter time to reach equilibrium at 40 min as opposed to 1500 min for methylene blue. On a molar basis, both dyes display a comparable maximum capacity of 1.80 * 10-2 mmol/g, with b-CD shows a greater affinity for congo red. The congo red adsorption is governed by hydrophobic host-guest complex interactions, while that for methylene blue is thru weak electrostatic interactions at the hydrophilic exterior of b-CD. To conclude, b-CD could be a promising adsorbent candidate for the treatment of dyes wastewater, where future works will be centred in improving the versatility and performance of the material.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:adsorbent, adsorption, beta-cyclodextrin
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:92954
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:07 Nov 2021 13:54
Last Modified:07 Nov 2021 13:54

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