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Numerical modelling of leachate migration in compacted tropical laterite soil

Yamusa, Y. B. and Alias, N. and Ahmad, K. and Sa'ari, R. and Mohd. Yunus, N. Z. (2019) Numerical modelling of leachate migration in compacted tropical laterite soil. In: 11th International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering in Tropical Regions, GEOTROPIKA 2019 and 1st International Conference on Highway and Transportation Engineering, ICHITRA 2019, 27-28 Feb 2019, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/527/1/012001


To protect groundwater from leachate contamination in sanitary landfill involve the use of hydraulic barriers i.e. liners and covers. Nonetheless, can these barriers continue to impede the migration of leachate over a long period? A full-scale experiment would be prohibitively costly and time consuming. The only feasible recourse therefore is to construct a model, which reasonably portray the behaviour of the full-scale system and simulate the relevant physical parameters and describes the overall significant characteristics of the transport phenomena. This research investigates the long-term performance of compacted tropical laterite soil liners at various gradations against leachate migration in sanitary landfills using numerical modeling. Series of laboratory experimentation were carried out using three different laterite soil gradations (30%, 40% and 50% with respect to fines content) compacted at optimum moisture content using British Standard light energy. Leachate was poured on the compacted soil in an acrylic column and its migration was monitored using Digital Image Technique (DIT). Subsequently, PetraSim computer software a graphical interface used to solve problems related to contaminant transport was applied to predict the velocity of leachate migration. The predicted velocity values for 30%, 40% and 50% fines are 4.5 x 10-7 m/s, 7 x 10-9 m/s, and 8 x 10-10 m/s, respectively. This shows that the laterite soil with 50% fines content is more compatible with the leachate and can be used as soil liner. The outcome of this research would enable designers to use non-destructive method to monitor and predict leachate migration in compacted soil liners to simulate leachate migration in waste containment applications.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:geotechnical engineering, groundwater, groundwater pollution
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:92780
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 18:10
Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 18:10

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