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The use of religion as tool for ideological indoctrination by Boko Haram: a critical discourse

Salleh, Mohd. Afandi and Muhammad Gwadabe, Nasa’i and Adam, Fadzli and Huda, Miftachul and Abu Hussin, Mohd. Fauzi (2020) The use of religion as tool for ideological indoctrination by Boko Haram: a critical discourse. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (2). pp. 806-810. ISSN 2394-5125


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.02.148


Boko Haram came to limelight in 2009 as a result of its violent confrontation with the Nigerian government. However, its genesis could be linked to the effects of colonialism and the subsequent socio-economic reality of north-East Nigeria. The activities of the group resulted in the death and displacement of many people in the Lake Chad area with significant damage to Nigeria. As a terror group claiming to be operating under the principles of Islam, the ideology of Boko Haram centred on the Rejection of western education, condemnation of secularism and westernisation and the incompatibility of Islam with democracy. These gave rise to discourses on the fields and settings of acquiring knowledge in western oriented schools, the concept of taghut (polytheism), employment under a secular government, and the issue of khawarijism. Thus, to blunt the narratives of Boko Haram and to contain the rise of similar groups, this paper recommends that religious activities such as preaching, delivery of sermons, informal Islamic schools and all religious institutions have to be centralised and strictly controlled by the government. Also, a counter narratives campaign has to be embarked by the government by using the existing religious and traditional institutions to deradicalise the mind of the brain-washed people more especially the youth. The Social media is recommended to be the appropriate and effective channel.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Boko Haram, ideology, narrative, tenet
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Divisions:Islamic Civilisation
ID Code:92661
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 18:18
Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 18:18

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