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The impacts of intrauterine Bisphenol A exposure on pregnancy and expression of miRNAs related to heart development and diseases in animal model

Rasdi, Zatilfarihiah and Kamaludin, Roziana and Ab. Rahim, Sharaniza and Syed Ahmad Fuad, Syed Baharom and Othman, Mohd. Hafiz Dzarfan and Siran, Rosfaiizah and Mohd. Nor, Noor Shafina and Abdul Hamid Hasani, Narimah and Sheikh Abdul Kadir, Siti Hamimah (2020) The impacts of intrauterine Bisphenol A exposure on pregnancy and expression of miRNAs related to heart development and diseases in animal model. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2045-2322


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62420-1


This study aimed to examine the impact of BPA exposure on pregnancy and foetuses on cardiac tissues and the expression of cardiac microRNAs (miRNAs) related to heart development and diseases. Pregnancy is known to be the “critical windows” in determining the offspring physical and cells development in their life after birth. The increment of the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a later stage of life has been reported by few studies demonstrated from prenatal exposure of BPA. BPA has been shown to alter miRNAs expression profiles for organ development, regeneration and metabolic functions. These alterations have been associated with the risk of CVDs. However, the associations between pregnancy outcomes and miRNAs expression in cardiac of mother- and foetuses-exposed to BPA are still not entirely explored. In BPA-exposed pregnant rat groups, a significant weight gained was observed in comparison to control (p < 0.05). Interestingly, significant changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the first and third trimester of BPA-exposed pregnant rats were also observed (p < 0.05). In BPA-exposed pregnant rats, miR-499-5p was significantly altered in the heart (p < 0.01). Meanwhile, altered miR-17-5p, -208-3p, and -210-3p expressions were observed in all heart of the foetuses from BPA-exposed pregnant rats (p < 0.05). In H&E staining, BPA-exposed foetal hearts showed a sign of fibrosis while BPA-exposed pregnant rats showed muscle remnant. Masson trichrome staining further confirmed the presence of fibrosis observed in BPA-exposed foetal heart and reduced expression of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) was also observed in BPA-exposed foetal heart. In summary, altered cardiac miRNAs with histological changes were observed in both mother- and foetus-exposed BPA These findings put forward the importance of future work to further understand how prenatal BPA exposure affect foetuses in their later stage of life.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:polymerase chain reaction, pregnancy, prenatal exposure, rat
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:92423
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:28 Sep 2021 15:44
Last Modified:28 Sep 2021 15:44

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