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Effects of elevated temperature on high performance concrete incorporating of metakaolin and garnet

Shukri, N. A. and Mohamed, R. N. and Ishak, M. Y. and Mansor, S. and Mahmoor, M. S. N. and Azillah, N. and Zamri, F. (2019) Effects of elevated temperature on high performance concrete incorporating of metakaolin and garnet. In: 12th International Civil Engineering Post Graduate Conference, SEPKA 2018 and 3rd International Symposium on Expertise of Engineering Design, ISEED 2018, 27-28 Aug 2018, Johor, Malaysia.


Official URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/0120...


Durability has become one of the major indicators to dictate a good quality of concrete. Rapid growing in construction leads to the demand of high strength concrete which can bear high stress and high resistance towards any hazard and harsh environment thus providing a safe structure. High performance concrete (HPC) has been identified as one of the advanced types of concrete that can fulfill the criteria. Hence, in this study resistance towards elevated temperature of HPC incorporating 10% of metakaolin as part of cementitious material and 50% of garnet as part of replacement of fine aggregates were investigated. Samples of HPC with metakaolin and garnet (HPCMG) and HPC with metakaolin (HPCM) were exposed to different heating temperature of 200°C, 400°C, 600°C and 800°C for duration of one hour. The changes of physical in color and the appearances of cracks in all samples were closely observed. In addition, compressive strength tests according to BS1881-116:1983 and percentage of weight loss for all the samples were also monitored in this study. Results showed that as the temperature increased, significance losses of compressive strength were detected for both HPCMG and HPCM. At the temperature of 800°C, HPCMG degenerated 86.8% of its strength compared to 71.8% for HPCM. As temperature increased, weight loss of HPCM indicated higher reading compared to HPCMG. Major changes of the physical appearances were also detected in both HPCM and HPCGM samples such as cracks and increment in gap width on the samples. This summarized that HPCM has better fire resistance compared to HPCMG.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:compressive strength, engineering education, fire resistance
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:91782
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:28 Jul 2021 16:42
Last Modified:28 Jul 2021 16:42

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