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A study of ballast water treatment using engine waste heat

Balaji, R. and Yaakob, O. and Koh, K. K. and Adnan, F. A. and Ismail, N. and Ahmad, B. and Ismail, M. A. (2019) A study of ballast water treatment using engine waste heat. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India), 100 (2). pp. 255-269. ISSN 2250-0545

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Official URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40032-018-0468-0


Heat treatment of ballast water using engine waste heat can be an advantageous option complementing any proven technology. A treatment system was envisaged based on the ballast system of an existing, operational crude carrier. It was found that the available waste heat could raise the temperatures by 25 °C and voyage time requirements were found to be considerable between 7 and 12 days to heat the high volumes of ballast water. Further, a heat recovery of 14–33% of input energies from exhaust gases was recorded while using a test rig arrangement representing a shipboard arrangement. With laboratory level tests at temperature ranges of around 55–75 °C, almost complete species mortalities for representative phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria were observed while the time for exposure varied from 15 to 60 s. Based on the heat availability analyses for harvesting heat from the engine exhaust gases(vessel and test rig), heat exchanger designs were developed and optimized using Lagrangian method applying Bell–Delaware approaches. Heat exchanger designs were developed to suit test rig engines also. Based on these designs, heat exchanger and other equipment were procured and erected. The species’ mortalities were tested in this mini-scale arrangement resembling the shipboard arrangement. The mortalities realized were > 95% with heat from jacket fresh water and exhaust gases alone. The viability of the system was thus validated.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ballast water, heat exchanger, species mortalities
Subjects:T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:91394
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:11 Jul 2021 22:30
Last Modified:11 Jul 2021 22:30

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