Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Carbon footprint calculator for Malaysia green highway index

Hafifi, C. M. F. and Wahid, C. and Hainin, M. R. and Hainin, E. and Neardey, M. and Majid, M. Z. A. and Ramli, M. R. (2019) Carbon footprint calculator for Malaysia green highway index. In: 8th International Conference on Informatics, Environment, Energy and Applications, IEEA 2019, 16-19 March 2019, Osaka, Japan.


Official URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1145/3323716.3323721


The large-scale transportation infrastructure construction in developing countries such as Malaysia requires emission estimation method for better calculation. The aim of this paper is to estimate the carbon footprint emission in the unit of ton of carbon dioxide equivalents (t CO2e/km-lane). This study proposed a life cycle assessment method to estimate the carbon footprint (CO2e) emission based on bridge work under construction in expressway of Malaysia. The results show that highest carbon footprint is from construction of pier column 5.3864 t CO2e/pier column. Because due to highest volume of structural with 12 m depth and 1500 mm cylinder size. The result followed by construction of pile, crosshead, pile cap, beam launching, parapet wall and slab deck at 3.5396, 3.5124, 2.6354, 0.1975, 0.0648, 0.0236 t CO2e/unit respectively. In the sources, emission from onsite construction machinery produce the highest carbon footprint 2.7566 t CO2e/unit, followed by emission production of raw material and transportation of material, 0.3309 and 0.0778 CO2e/pier column respectively. The result in this study can be considered as references for carbon footprint calculator to calculate emission in other expressway of Malaysia.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:bridge construction, carbon footprint, emission consumption
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:89772
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 13:55
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 13:55

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