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Optimization study by Box-Behnken design (BBD) and mechanistic insight of CO2 methanation over Ru-Fe-Ce/γ-Al2O3 catalyst by in-situ FTIR technique

Iqbal, Malik Muhammad Asif and Wan Abu Bakar, Wan Azelee and Toemen, Susilawati and Abdul Razak, Fazira Ilyana and Wan Azelee, Nur Izyan (2020) Optimization study by Box-Behnken design (BBD) and mechanistic insight of CO2 methanation over Ru-Fe-Ce/γ-Al2O3 catalyst by in-situ FTIR technique. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 13 (2). pp. 4170-4179. ISSN 1878-5352

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2019.06.010

Abstract

The utilization of carbon dioxide for methanization reactions in the production of synthetic natural gas (SNG) is of increasing interest in energy-related issues. The use of CO2 as a raw material in methanization reactions in the formation of SNG is of increasing concern associated with energy problems. The effect of three independent process parameters (calcination temperature, ceria loading and catalyst dosage) and their interactions in terms of conversion of CO2 was considered by response surface methodology (RSM). Box-Behnken design (BBD) revealed that the optimized parameters were 1000 °C calcination temperature, 85%wt ceria loading and 10 g catalyst dosage, which resulted in 100% conversion of CO2 and 93.5% of CH4 formation. Reaction intermediate study by in situ FTIR showed that carboxylate species was the most active species on the catalyst surface. In-situ FTIR experiments revealed a weak CO2 adsorption, that exist namely as carboxylate species over the trimetallic catalyst. As a result, dissociated hydrogen over ruthenium reacts with surface carbon, leading to *CH, which subsequently hydrogenated to produce *CH2, *CH3 and finally to the desired product methane. The use of in situ-FTIR study indicated that the CO2 methanation mechanism does not involve CO as a reaction intermediate. The more detailed mechanism of CO2 methanation pathways involved over Ru-Fe-Ce/γ-Al2O3 catalyst is discussed in accordance with IR-spectroscopic data. The better catalytic activity and stability over Ru-Fe-Ce (5:10:85)/γ-Al2O3 catalyst calcined at 1000 °C showed the presence of moderate basic sites for CO2 adsorption.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:BBD, carbon dioxide, FTIR
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Science
ID Code:89754
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:09
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:09

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