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Challenges and resolutions for sustainable domestic wastewater management in Kabul city, Afghanistan

Rahmani, H. and Anuar, A. N. (2019) Challenges and resolutions for sustainable domestic wastewater management in Kabul city, Afghanistan. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 9 (1). pp. 1394-1401. ISSN 2249-8958

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.A1222.109119

Abstract

There is an extreme lack of statistics about Kabul city wastewater management. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate and address the current circumstances and key challenges of domestic wastewater management in residential areas. In addition, to recommend sustainable solutions. The methodology adopted includes the use of questionnaires, field observation and review relevant documents from related stakeholders. The result indicated that more than 50% of households do not have improved toilets. There are no proper wastewater treatment plants except Macroyans’ wastewater treatment facilities that are not worked properly. Furthermore, there is no proper drainage system. Approximately 100 % of domestic wastewater is discharged to the environment without appropriate treatment that creates severe health and environmental problems such as groundwater pollution, bad odors, and effects on biodiversity. The major diseases are diarrhea, malaria, cholera, and typhoid. The key challenges of domestic wastewater management include; absence of improved sanitation facilities, lack of proper wastewater treatment plants and drainages system, poor government responsibilities, deficiency of public participation and unsolid of sustainable wastewater management framework. According to the current circumstances and challenges of domestic wastewater management: decentralized wastewater treatment technologies, enforcement of legislation, decentralization of planning and budgeting to local institutions, involving public, planners and policy-makers at all level and forming of a sustainable wastewater management framework are the main elements which can contribute with wastewater management sustainability in Kabul city.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:circular economy, decentralized system, domestic wastewater
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology
ID Code:89742
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 09:44
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 09:44

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