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Assessment of microwave-assisted pretreatments for enhancing pineapple waste delignification

Azelee, N. I. W. and Adnan, S. A. M. and Manas, N. H. A. and Dailin, D. J. and Ramli, A. N. M. and Illias, R. M. (2019) Assessment of microwave-assisted pretreatments for enhancing pineapple waste delignification. In: 2nd International Conference on Biosciences and Medical Engineering 2019: Towards Innovative Research and Cross-Disciplinary Collaborations, ICBME 2019, 11-12 Apr 2019, Bali, Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5125507

Abstract

Biological degradation of biomass for the production of fine chemicals is getting much interest nowadays. However, the complex and recalcitrance structure of the biomass hinders the success story of the degradation. Lignin is the main composition that impedes the bioconversion of biomass. Hence, an optimize delignification pretreatment need to be developed to enable the biological degradation process becomes much easier and thus higher production yield can be achieved afterwards. This study focuses on the assessment of pineapple waste (PW) delignification by applying microwave radiation on two different pretreated PW to facilitate the processes. The PW was initially pretreated with distilled water (dH2O) and peracetic acid (PAA) prior to the microwave radiation. Three main parameters (pretreatment time, min; temperature, °C; and microwave radiation power, W) were studied towards the effect of PW delignification. Lignin percentage before and after the pretreatments were compared and analysed. The results obtained revealed that the microwave-assisted PAA shows the best percentage of delignification compared to the microwave-assisted dH2O pretreatment. The best delignification process obtained in this study is a key indicator for a better biomass degradation to achieve higher yield of products in the future.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:biomass, degradation, pineapple waste
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:89629
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:09 Feb 2021 13:01
Last Modified:09 Feb 2021 13:01

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