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Trends analysis of rainfall and rainfall extremes in Sarawak, Malaysia using modified Mann-Kendall test

Sa’adi, Zulfaqar and Shahid, Shamsuddin and Ismail, Tarmizi and Chung, Eun Sung and Wang, Xiao Jun (2019) Trends analysis of rainfall and rainfall extremes in Sarawak, Malaysia using modified Mann-Kendall test. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 131 (3). pp. 263-277. ISSN 0177-7971

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00703-017-0564-3


This study assesses the spatial pattern of changes in rainfall extremes of Sarawak in recent years (1980–2014). The Mann–Kendall (MK) test along with modified Mann–Kendall (m-MK) test, which can discriminate multi-scale variability of unidirectional trend, was used to analyze the changes at 31 stations. Taking account of the scaling effect through eliminating the effect of autocorrelation, m-MK was employed to discriminate multi-scale variability of the unidirectional trends of the annual rainfall in Sarawak. It can confirm the significance of the MK test. The annual rainfall trend from MK test showed significant changes at 95% confidence level at five stations. The seasonal trends from MK test indicate an increasing rate of rainfall during the Northeast monsoon and a decreasing trend during the Southwest monsoon in some region of Sarawak. However, the m-MK test detected an increasing trend in annual rainfall only at one station and no significant trend in seasonal rainfall at any stations. The significant increasing trends of the 1-h maximum rainfall from the MK test are detected mainly at the stations located in the urban area giving concern to the occurrence of the flash flood. On the other hand, the m-MK test detected no significant trend in 1- and 3-h maximum rainfalls at any location. On the contrary, it detected significant trends in 6- and 72-h maximum rainfalls at a station located in the Lower Rajang basin area which is an extensive low-lying agricultural area and prone to stagnant flood. These results indicate that the trends in rainfall and rainfall extremes reported in Malaysia and surrounding region should be verified with m-MK test as most of the trends may result from scaling effect.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:flash flood, precipitation intensity, rainfall
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:89536
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:10
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:10

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