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RSM-GA based optimization of bacterial PHA production and in silico modulation of citrate synthase for enhancing PHA production

Rao, Apoorva and Haque, Shafiul and El-Enshasy, Hesham A. and Singh, Vineeta and Mishra, Bhartendu Nath (2019) RSM-GA based optimization of bacterial PHA production and in silico modulation of citrate synthase for enhancing PHA production. Biomolecules, 9 (12). p. 872. ISSN 2218-273X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom9120872

Abstract

The inexhaustible nature and biodegradability of bioplastics like polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) make them suitable assets to replace synthetic plastics. The eventual fate of these ecofriendly and non-toxic bioplastics relies upon the endeavors towards satisfying cost and, in addition, execution necessity. In this study, we utilized and statistically optimized different food (kitchen-/agro-) waste as a sole carbon/nitrogen source for the production of PHA at a reduced cost, indicating a proficient waste administration procedure. Seven different types of kitchen-/agro-waste were used as unique carbon source and four different types of nitrogen source were used to study their impact on PHA production by Bacillus subtilis MTCC 144. Among four different studied production media, mineral salt medium (MSM) (biomass: 37.7 g/L; cell dry weight: 1.8 g/L; and PHA: 1.54 g/L) was found most suitable for PHA production. Further, carbon and nitrogen components of MSM were optimized using one-factor-at-a-time experiments, and found that watermelon rind (PHA = 12.97 g/L) and pulse peel (PHA = 13.5 g/L) were the most suitable carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, in terms of PHA (78.60%) recovery. The concentrations of these factors (sources) were statistically optimized using response surface methodology coupled with the genetic algorithm approach. Additionally, in order to enhance microbial PHA production, the interaction of citrate synthase, a key enzyme in the TCA cycle, with different known inhibitors was studied using in silico molecular docking approach. The inhibition of citrate synthase induces the blockage of the tricarboxylic cycle (TCA), thereby increasing the concentration of acetyl-CoA that helps in enhanced PHA production. Molecular docking of citrate synthase with different inhibitors of PubChem database revealed that hesperidin (PubChem compound CID ID 10621), generally present in citrus fruits, is the most efficient inhibitor of the TCA cycle with the binding score of – 11.4 and warrants experimental validation. Overall, this study provides an efficient food waste management approach by reducing the production cost and enhancing the production of PHA, thereby lessening our reliance on petroleum-based plastics.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Optimization, PHA
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:89425
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 09:47
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 09:47

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