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C5a receptors C5aR1 and C5aR2 mediate opposing pathologies in a mouse model of melanoma

Nabizadeh, Jamileh A. and Manthey, Helga D. and Panagides, Nadya and Steyn, Frederik J. and Lee, John D. and Li, Xaria X. and M. Akhir, Fazrena N. and Chen, Weiyu and Boyle, Glen M. and Taylor, Stephen M. and Woodruff, Trent M. and Rolfe, Barbara E. (2019) C5a receptors C5aR1 and C5aR2 mediate opposing pathologies in a mouse model of melanoma. FASEB Journal, 33 (10). pp. 11060-11071. ISSN 0892-6638

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.201800980RR

Abstract

The canonical complement component 5a (C5a) receptor (C5aR) 1 has well-described roles in tumorigenesis but the contribution of the second receptor, C5aR2, is unclear. The present study demonstrates that B16.F0 melanoma cells express mRNA for both C5aR1 and C5aR2 and signal through ERK and p38 MAPKs in response to C5a. Despite this, C5a had no impact on melanoma cell proliferation or migration in vitro. In vivo studies demonstrated that the growth of B16.F0 melanoma tumors was increased in C5aR2–/– mice but reduced in C5aR1–/– mice and wild-type mice treated with a C5aR1 antagonist. Analysis of tumor-infiltrating leukocyte populations showed no significant differences between wild-type and C5aR2–/– mice. Conversely, percentages of myeloid-derived suppressor cells, macrophages, and regulatory T lymphocytes were lower in tumors from C5aR1–/– mice, whereas total (CD3+) T lymphocytes and CD4+ subsets were higher. Analysis of cytokine and chemokine levels also showed plasma IFN-γ was higher and tumor C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 was lower in the absence of C5aR1. The results suggest that C5aR1 signaling supports melanoma growth by promoting infiltration of immunosuppressive leukocyte populations into the tumor microenvironment, whereas C5aR2 has a more restricted but beneficial role in limiting tumor growth. Overall, these data support the potential of C5aR1-inhibitory therapies for melanoma.—Nabizadeh, J. A., Manthey, H. D., Panagides, N., Steyn, F. J., Lee, J. D., Li, X. X., Akhir, F. N. M., Chen, W., Boyle, G. M., Taylor, S. M., Woodruff, T. M., Rolfe, B. E. C5a receptors C5aR1 and C5aR2 mediate opposing pathologies in a mouse model of melanoma.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:C5aR1 antagonist, tumor-infiltrating leukocytes
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology
ID Code:89319
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:04
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:04

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