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Validation of a developed university placement test using classical test theory and rasch measurement approach

Bichi, Ado Abdu and Talib, Rohaya and Atan, Noor Azean and Ibrahim, Halijah and Mohd. Yusof, Sanitah (2019) Validation of a developed university placement test using classical test theory and rasch measurement approach. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6 (6). pp. 22-29. ISSN 2313-626X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2019.06.004


University entrances examinations are conducted to ensure qualified applicant are placed into appropriate programs of their choices. The outcomes of the test have an important and significant value in taking appropriate decision on the applicant’s eligibility, the validity of that examination is paramount to achieving the set goal. The aim of this study is to provide empirical evidence of the construct validity of the newly developed Economics Test using traditional Classical Test Theory and Rasch Measurement Model. The developed Economics Test consists of 70 items after expert judgment and review was administered to 280 students, age 16-20 randomly selected from two public schools in Kano. The study employed a CTT and Rasch model to analyze the data using ITEMAN 4.3 and WINSTEPS 3.72.3 software. The softwares automatically generate the recommended estimate of the parameters to judge the quality of the test items. The results of CTT identified 17 problematic items using difficulty and discriminating index. The results of Rasch showed person statistics (Separation 2.40>2.00 and reliability 0.85>0.80) and item statistics (separation 3.73>3.0 and reliability 0.93>0.8) an excellent person and item reliability. The test measures unidimensional construct supported by the raw variance of 24.9% explained by measures. Investigation of the item person map revealed that the test covered a wide range of the examinees’ ability. Overall, using Rasch 10 misfitting construct irrelevant items were identified for deletion. While CTT provides information that is limited to two parameters, the Rasch results provide very detailed information on the quality of the test items. Thus both models can be integrated to generate enough evidence of validity and reliability items in the development of a standardize test.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:rash model, classical test theory, validity, placement test, item response theory
Subjects:L Education > L Education (General)
ID Code:89282
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:01
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:01

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