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Electrospun nanofibers embedding ZnO/Ag2CO3/Ag2O heterojunction photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity

Rosman, Nurafiqah and Wan Salleh, Wan Norharyati and Aziz, Farhana and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Harun, Zawati and Bahri, Syamsutajri Syamsol and Nagai, Kazukiyo (2019) Electrospun nanofibers embedding ZnO/Ag2CO3/Ag2O heterojunction photocatalyst with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Catalysts, 9 (7). pp. 1-18. ISSN 2073-4344

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/catal9070565

Abstract

The immobilization of photocatalyst onto substrate has a great potential for energy-intensive separation to avoid the costly separation process and unwanted release of photocatalyst into the treated water. In this study, electrospun nanofiber composed of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) with the immobilized ZnO, ZnO/Ag2 CO3, ZnO/Ag2 CO3 /Ag2 O, and ZnO/Ag2 O photocatalysts were prepared via the electrospinning process. The immobilized ZnO and heterojunctioned ZnO in the PVDF electrospun nanofiber were proven via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The electrospinning allowed high chemical binding of the nanofiber composite with good physical interaction between the photocatalyst and the electrospun nanofiber. AFM images obtained for the nanofibers were found to be rougher than that of the pristine PVDF electrospun nanofiber. Among the photocatalyst embedded, the immobilized ZnO/Ag2 CO3 /Ag2 O had endowed the nanofiber with an excellent photocatalytic activity and recyclability for the degradation of the RR120 under UV light irradiation. Based on the results, effective immobilization of ZnO/Ag2 CO3 /Ag2 O in PVDF nanofiber with 99.62% photodegradation in 300 min compared to PVDF-ZnO, PVDF-ZnO/Ag2 CO3, and PVDF-ZnO/Ag2 O of 28.14%, 90.49%, and 96.34%, respectively. The effective ZnO/Ag2 CO3 /Ag2 O immobilization into polymers with affinity toward organic dye pollutants could both increase the efficiency and reduce the energy requirements for water treatment via the photocatalytic application.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:nanocomposite, nanofiber, photocatalytic
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:89230
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:01
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:01

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