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Effect of temperature and ph on the probiotication of punica granatum juice using lactobacillus species

Mustafa, Siti Marhaida and Chua, Lee Suan (2019) Effect of temperature and ph on the probiotication of punica granatum juice using lactobacillus species. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 43 (4). ISSN 0145-8884

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12805

Abstract

This study was focused on the effects of fermentation temperature and pH on the quality of Punica granatum juice probioticated with Lactobacillus species: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and Lactobacillus salivarius. The whole fruit juice of P. granatum which is rich with phytonutrients appeared to be a good probiotic carrier. The probiotication was carried out for 24 hr at 30, 35, and 37°C and pH 2.5, 4.0, and 5.5 under microaerophilic conditions. The results found that P. granatum juice cultivated with L. casei had a better growth profile with a higher biomass density at 37°C around pH 3.5–4.0. Probiotication could maintain the scavenging activity of P. granatum juice cultivated with L. casei. The scavenging activity achieved up to 90% inhibition at the concentration of 5 mg/ml. The whole fruit-squeezed P. granatum juice was suitable for the growth of Lactobacillus species even without supplementation during cultivation. Practical applications: The findings of this study presented the potential of P. granatum juice (whole fruit) to be used as a good probiotic carrier, particularly for Lactobacillus species without supplementation. High nutritious P. granatum juice catered the need of probiotic bacteria during fermentation. Probiotication could maintain the antioxidant capacity of the juice in term of its radical scavenging activity. The antioxidant capacity was mainly attributed to the metabolites such as phenolic acids (romarinic acid and caftaric acid) and flavonoids (quercetin, quercetin 3-glucoside, rutin and kaempferol rutinoside). With the optimized temperature (37°C) and pH (4.00), probiotic bacteria could growth well up to a cell viability of 2.46 × 10 10 cfu/ml. This offers P. granatum to be developed into functional food to cater to the needs of the consumers who are lactose intolerant to dairy products.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:lactobacillus casei, probiotication, probiotics
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:89159
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:26 Jan 2021 16:48
Last Modified:26 Jan 2021 16:48

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