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Performance of void-free electrospun SPEEK/Cloisite as a function of degree of dispersion state on nanocomposite proton exchange membrane for direct methanol fuel cell application

Awang, Nuha and Jaafar, Juhana and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Othman, Mohd. Hafiz Dzarfan and A. Rahman, Mukhlis (2019) Performance of void-free electrospun SPEEK/Cloisite as a function of degree of dispersion state on nanocomposite proton exchange membrane for direct methanol fuel cell application. Membranes, 9 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 2077-0375

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/membranes9010007

Abstract

One of the main problems in direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) application is methanol crossover. In order to solve the problem, an exfoliated void-free electrospun Sulfonated Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) (SPEEK)/cloisite nanocomposite membrane was developed. The membrane was prepared by immersing electrospun SPEEK/cloisite fiber mats onto incomplete solidified SPEEK polymer matrix. A well dispersed and reduction size of cloisite particles that ranges from 0.29-0.39 µm was observed by using Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). The effect of the morphology of the composite membrane in terms of degree of dispersion state of the Cloisite on the membrane performance was discussed. SP/e-spunCL15 with fully exfoliated structure exhibited the highest performance as compared to other tested membranes and Nafion® 115 with current density of 1042.2 mAcm -2 and power density of 1.18 mWcm -2 . Improved morphological, dimensional change properties, and performance assigned to well-dispersed cloisite15A induced by the electrospinning technique make the membranes more efficient for direct methanol fuel cell applications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:exfoliated, SPEEK/cloisite, void-free membrane
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:89131
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 14:00
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 14:00

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