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Analysis of graphene antenna properties for 5G applications

Sa’don, Siti Nor Hafizah and Jamaluddin, Mohd. Haizal and Kamarudin, Muhammad Ramlee and Ahmad, Fauzan and Yamada, Yoshihide and Kamardin, Kamilia and Idris, Izni Husna (2019) Analysis of graphene antenna properties for 5G applications. Sensors (Switzerland), 19 (22). p. 4835. ISSN 1424-8220


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19224835


The incoming 5G technology requires antennas with a greater capacity, wider wireless spectrum utilisation, high gain, and steer-ability. This is due to the cramped spectrum utilisation in the previous generation. As a matter of fact, conventional antennas are unable to serve the new frequency due to the limitations in fabrication and installation mainly for smaller sizes. The use of graphene material promises antennas with smaller sizes and thinner dimensions, yet capable of emitting higher frequencies. Hence, graphene antennas were studied at a frequency of 15 GHz in both single and array elements. The high-frequency antenna contributed to a large bandwidth and was excited by coplanar waveguide for easy fabrication on one surface via screen printing. The defected ground structure was applied in an array element to improve the radiation and increase the gain. The results showed that the printed, single element graphene antenna produced an impedance bandwidth, gain, and efficiency of 48.64%, 2.87 dBi, and 67.44%, respectively. Meanwhile, the array element produced slightly better efficiency (72.98%), approximately the same impedance bandwidth as the single element (48.98%), but higher gain (8.41 dBi). Moreover, it provided a beam width of 21.2° with scanning beam capability from 0° up to 39.05°. Thus, it was proved that graphene materials can be applied in 5G.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:5G antenna, CPW antenna
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:89020
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:26 Jan 2021 16:41
Last Modified:26 Jan 2021 16:41

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