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Optimized sizing of photovoltaic grid-connected electric vehicle charging system using particle swarm optimization

Bhatti, Abdul Rauf and Salam, Zainal and Sultana, Beenish and Rasheed, Nadia and Awan, Ahmed Bilal and Sultana, Umbrin and Younas, Muhammad (2019) Optimized sizing of photovoltaic grid-connected electric vehicle charging system using particle swarm optimization. International Journal of Energy Research, 43 (1). pp. 500-522. ISSN 0363-907X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/er.4287


In this paper, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) is used to find optimum size of the photovoltaic (PV) array and energy storage unit (ESU) for PV grid-connected charging system (in office workplace) for electric vehicles (EV). It is designed in such a way that the EVs are charged at a fixed price (rather than time-of-use price) without incurring economic losses to the station owner. The simulation is modeled using the single diode model (for PV) and the state of charge of Li-ion battery (for ESU and EV). The objective function of the PSO is formulated based on a financial model that comprises of the grid tariff, EV demand, and the purchasing as well as selling prices of the energy from PV and ESU. By integrating the financial model with energy management algorithm (EMA), the PSO computes the minimum number of PV modules (Npv) and ESU batteries (Nbat) for a various number of vehicles and office holidays. The resiliency of the proposed system is validated under different weather conditions, EV fleet, parity levels, energy prices, and operating period. Furthermore, the performance of the proposed system is compared with the standard grid charging system. The results suggest that with the computed Npv and Nbat, the charging price is decreased by approximately 16%, while the EV charging burden on the grid is reduced by 94% to 99%. It is envisaged that this work provides the guidance for the installers to precisely determine the optimum size of the components prior to the physical construction of the charging station.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:EV charging station, optimum system sizing, photovoltaic module
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:88516
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 08:19
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 08:19

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