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Methane and natural gases kinetic equilibrium adsorption comparison on synthesized porous coconut shell kernel activated carbon

Nasri, N. S. and Sidik, H. U. and Ahmad Zaini, M. A. and Rashid, N. M. and Abdul Majid, Z. and Chelliapan, S. and Kumar, T. and Mohd. Zain, H. and Mohsin, R. and Zaini, N. (2019) Methane and natural gases kinetic equilibrium adsorption comparison on synthesized porous coconut shell kernel activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 72 . ISSN 2283-9216

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Official URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.3303/CET19720112

Abstract

Instability of diesel and gasoline market price with the generation of environmental pollution attracted world attention in looking towards natural gas (NG) as a means of alternative fuel. This research work presents an investigation of experimental adsorption uptake of pure methane (CH4) and NG onto a hybrid of coconut shell and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) porous carbon. The hybrid porous carbon was prepared by KOH microwave-assisted activation of a coconut shell with PEEK. The Porous carbon (M33P15) was used as a potential sorbent to investigate the adsorption characteristics of the two gasses. The adsorption is applied at an ambient and 5 °C adsorption temperatures and at a pressure of 3.5 MPa. The comparison is based on measuring adsorption uptake differences between the two gases onto porous carbon. The ideal CH4 and NG adsorption uptake on porous carbon are investigated using volumetric adsorption method. The CH4 adsorption capacity of 9.7045 and 9.9958 mmol CH4 adsorbed/g adsorbent was achieved at an ambient and 5 °C adsorption temperature. While NG adsorption capacity of 9.9432 and 10.0901 mmol NG adsorbed/g was achieved at an ambient and 5 °C adsorption temperatures. In conclusion, the results show that NG adsorption uptake is slightly higher than CH4 adsorption uptake. This is due to the ability of the adsorbent to adsorb other components of the NG other than CH4. It is also suggested that applying heat management strategies, by lowering the temperature of adsorbent during the adsorption process, can significantly improve the storage capacity of CH4 and NG.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:methane, hybrid of coconut shell, gasoline
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:88474
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 08:06
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 08:06

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