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Self-doped Ti3+ mediated TiO2/In2O3/SWCNTs heterojunction composite under acidic/basic heat medium for boosting visible light induced H2 evolution

Umer, Muhammad and Tahir, Muhammad and Azam, Muhammad Usman and Tahir, Beenish and Musaab, Mohammad (2019) Self-doped Ti3+ mediated TiO2/In2O3/SWCNTs heterojunction composite under acidic/basic heat medium for boosting visible light induced H2 evolution. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (26). pp. 13466-13479. ISSN 0360-3199

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.04.020

Abstract

Well-designed Ti3+/In3+ mediated TiO2/SWCNTs heterojunction composite for photocatalytic H2 evolution under visible light has been investigated. The samples, fabricated through one-step sol-gel approach with controlled acidic/basic heat treatment environment, were characterized by XRD, Raman, FE-SEM, TEM, XPS, UV–Vis and PL techniques. The maximum H2 of 1244 ppm h−1 was evolved over In/SWCNTs/TiO2, a 4.69, 1.54 and 1.53 times higher than using TiO2, In/TiO2 and SWCNTs/TiO2 samples, respectively. This enhancement was due to faster charges separation and higher visible light absorption by synergistic effect of In/SWCNTs. Using catalyst prepared under basic (H2)treatment, Ti3+ was successfully embedded into In+3@TiO2@SWCNTs, exhibited H2 production of 1446 ppm h−1 which was 12.49% and 15.02% higher compared to catalysts prepared under CO2 and N2 atmospheres, respectively. Thus, surface defects like Ti3+ inhibits charges recombination and enables visible light responsive. The quantum yield over Ti3+/In3+ mediated TiO2/SWCNTs composite was 0.251%, a 1.13 and 1.2 folds higher compared to CO2 and N2 atmospheres, respectively. Besides, excellent stability for H2 generation was observed in cyclic runs. A possible mechanism is proposed to understand synergistic effects between Ti+3/In+3 in TiO2/SWCNTs composite catalyst and has great potential as a green photocatalyst in environmental and energy applications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:acid/basic heat treatment, heterojunction
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:88312
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 07:57
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 07:57

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