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Perspective of renewable desalination by using membrane distillation

Gopi, G. and Arthanareeswaran, G. and Ismail, A. F. (2019) Perspective of renewable desalination by using membrane distillation. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 144 . pp. 520-537. ISSN 0263-8762

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2019.02.036

Abstract

As the water demand increases continuously, large capacities of desalination plant are added every year to meet freshwater demand. The higher carbon footprint of desalination raises concern on global climate change. The integration of desalination and renewable energy source could mitigate this water-energy nexus. Membrane distillation (MD) is a non-isothermal desalination process in which the low-grade heat is used as the driving force. Many researchers have tried to integrate solar energy and MD for sustainable water desalination. This article presents a comprehensive review of solar MD desalination to understand its current state of development. Solar powered MD systems have been investigated for last few decades. However, its commercialization is very limited due to low flux, high specific energy consumption and large collector area requirement. Further, this review presents the recent developments in MD membrane, innovative MD modules and the importance of optimization, which was able to improve the performance of solar MD.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:salt gradient solar pond, solar desalination
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:88279
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 07:55
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 07:55

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