Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

A low profile, dual-band, dual polarized antenna for indoor/outdoor wearable application

Paracha, Kashif Nisar and Abdul Rahim, Sharul Kamal and Ping, Jack Soh and Kamarudin, Muhammad Ramlee and Tan, Kim Geok and Lo, Yew Chiong and Islam, Mohammad Tariqul (2019) A low profile, dual-band, dual polarized antenna for indoor/outdoor wearable application. IEEE Access, 7 . pp. 33277-33288. ISSN 2169-3536


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2894330


A planar, low-profile, dual-band and dual-polarized antenna on a semi-flex substrate is proposed in this paper. The antenna is fabricated on Rogers substrate with a thickness of 3.04 mm and sized at 70.4 × 76.14 × 3.11 mm3 ( 0.37λ0 × 0.40λ 0× 0.016 λ 0 ) only. The circular polarization property is enabled in the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) L1/E1 (lower) band by introducing a complementary split ring resonator on the antenna patch. Meanwhile, the antenna operates in the second (upper) 2.45 GHz WLAN band is enabled by etching a U-shaped slot on its ground plane. This simultaneous, dual-band and dual-polarized operation enables the proposed antenna to be applied in the indoor/outdoor wearable application. To isolate the antenna against the influence of the human body, a multiband artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) plane is added on the reverse side of the dual-band radiator. Comparison of the antenna without AMC in free space and when evaluated on the chest of a human body backed by AMC showed improved gain; from 3-5.1 dBi in the lower band, and from 1.53-5.03 dBi in the upper band. Besides that, the front-to-back ratio of the AMC backed monopole antenna also improved from 11-21.88 dB and from 2.5-24.5 dB in the GNSS and WLAN bands, respectively. Next, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of the monopole antenna with and without the AMC plane is assessed. Evaluation results indicate that the maximum SAR value decreased by up to 89.45% in comparison with the antenna without AMC in the lower band. This indicates the effectiveness of the AMC array in increasing gain and FBR, besides reducing EM absorption in the human body.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:circularly polarized antennas, dual-band antennas, dual-polarized antennas
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:88199
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 07:13
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 07:13

Repository Staff Only: item control page