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Finned spacer for efficient membrane fouling control in produced water filtration

Rahmawati, Ratri and Bilad, M. R. and Mohd. Laziz, Afiq and Nordin, N. A. H. M. and Jusoh, Norwahyu and Adi Putra, Zulfan and Mahlia, T. M. I. and Jaafar, J. (2019) Finned spacer for efficient membrane fouling control in produced water filtration. Journal of Environmental Management, 249 . p. 109359. ISSN 0301-4797

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109359

Abstract

Membrane based technologies are highly reliable for water and wastewater treatment, including for removal of total oil and grease from produced water. However, performances of the pressure driven processes are highly restricted by membrane fouling and the application of traditional air bubbling system is limited by their low shear stress due to poor contacts with the membrane surface. This study develops and assesses a novel finned spacer, placed in between vertical panel, for membrane fouling control in submerged plate-and-frame module system for real produced water filtration. Results show that permeability of the panel is enhanced by 87% from 201 to 381 L/(m2 h bar). The spacer system can be operated in switching mode to accommodate two-sided panel aeration. This leads to panel permeability increment by 22% higher than the conventional vertical system. The mechanisms of finned spacer in encouraging the flow trajectory was proven by visual observation and flow simulation. The fins alter the air bubbles flow trajectory toward the membrane surface to effectively scour-off the foulant. Overall results demonstrate the efficacy of the developed spacer in projecting the air bubble trajectory toward the membrane surface and thus significantly enhances membrane panel productivity.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oil water separation, Produced water
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:87905
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Nov 2020 21:36
Last Modified:30 Nov 2020 21:36

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