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Thermally induced optical nonlinearity in colloidal alloy nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation

Abdullah, M. and Bakhtiar, H. and Aziz, M. S. A. and Krishnan, G. and Ropi, N. A. M. and Kasim, N. and Adnan, N. N. (2019) Thermally induced optical nonlinearity in colloidal alloy nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation. Applied Physics B, 125 . p. 155. ISSN 0946-2171

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00340-019-7271-3


Colloidal suspension of alloy nanoparticles has been prepared and their third-order nonlinear optical response was investigated by means of the Z-scan technique, employing 532 nm continuous wave laser excitation. Alloys colloidal suspension of industrial grade brass, aluminium, and copper was prepared via laser ablation in liquid technique. FESEM analysis reveals the particles size of less than 102.33 nm on average. The magnitude and sign of the nonlinear refraction, n2 and nonlinear absorption, β were determined. It was observed from the closed aperture Z-scan that all the suspensions exhibited a self-focusing effect with a negative nonlinear refractive index, n2, attributed to thermal lensing effect. Colloids of brass possess highest n2 followed by copper and aluminium suspension, attributed to the thermally agitated process whereby heat is transferred into non-local region of the propagation axis. Open Z-scan results revealed that the brass suspension exhibited saturable absorption (SA) with significant negative β value. Aluminium and copper alloy NPs suspension rather shows reverse saturable absorption with a positive β value. These materials were found to exhibit significant nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption behaviour, making them possible candidates for photonic and/or optoelectronic applications, especially with low powered continuous wave laser excitation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Z-scan technique, nonlinear absorption
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:87901
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Nov 2020 21:36
Last Modified:30 Nov 2020 21:36

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