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Enhanced mechanical, thermal and biocompatible nature of dual component electrospun nanocomposite for bone tissue engineering

Li, Guanbao and Li, Pinquan and Chen, Qiuan and Mani, Mohan Prasath and Jaganathan, Saravana Kumar (2019) Enhanced mechanical, thermal and biocompatible nature of dual component electrospun nanocomposite for bone tissue engineering. PeerJ, 2019 (5). e6986-e6986. ISSN 2167-8359

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6986


Traditionally, in the Asian continent, oils are a widely accepted choice for alleviating bone-related disorders. The design of scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrix (ECM) is of great significance in bone tissue engineering. In this study, a multicompo-nent polyurethane (PU), canola oil (CO) and neem oil (NO) scaffold was developed using the electrospinning technique. The fabricated nanofibers were subjected to various physicochemical and biological testing to validate its suitability for bone tissue engineering. Morphological analysis of the multicomponent scaffold showed a reduc-Tion in fiber diameter (PU/CO 853 141.27 nm and PU/CO/NO 633 137.54 nm) compared to PU (890 116.911 nm). The existence of CO and NO in PU matrix was confirmed by an infrared spectrum (IR) with the formation of hydrogen bond. PU/CO displayed a mean contact angle of 108.7 0.58 while the PU/CO/NO exhibited hydrophilic nature with an angle of 62.33 2.52. The developed multicomponent also exhibited higher thermal stability and increased mechanical strength compared to the pristine PU. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis depicted lower surface roughness for the nanocomposites (PU/CO 389 nm and PU/CO/NO 323 nm) than the pristine PU (576 nm). Blood compatibility investigation displayed the anticoagulant nature of the composites. Cytocompatibility studies revealed the non-Toxic nature of the developed composites with human fibroblast cells (HDF) cells. The newly developed porous PU nanocomposite scaffold comprising CO and NO may serve as a potential candidate for bone tissue engineering.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biocompatibility, Tissue engineering
Subjects:Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:87696
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Nov 2020 21:08
Last Modified:30 Nov 2020 21:08

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