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Applying population-based evolutionary algorithms and a neuro-fuzzy system for modeling landslide susceptibility

Chen, Wei and Panahi, Mahdi and Tsangaratos, Paraskevas and Shahabi, Himan and Ilia, Ioanna and Panahi, Somayeh and Li, Shaojun and Jaafari, Abolfazl and Ahmad, Baharin (2019) Applying population-based evolutionary algorithms and a neuro-fuzzy system for modeling landslide susceptibility. Catena, 172 . pp. 212-231. ISSN 0341-8162

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2018.08.025


The main objective of the present study was to produce a novel ensemble data mining technique that involves an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) optimized by Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm (SFLA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for spatial modeling of landslide susceptibility. Step-wise Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) was utilized for the evaluation of the relation between landslides and landslide-related factors providing ANFIS with the necessary weighting values. The developed methods were applied in Langao County, Shaanxi Province, China. Eighteen factors were selected based on the experience gained from studying landslide phenomena, the local geo-environmental conditions as well as the availability of data, namely; elevation, slope aspect, slope angle, profile curvature, plan curvature, sediment transport index, stream power index, topographic wetness index, land use, normalized difference vegetation index, rainfall, lithology, distance to faults, fault density, distance to roads, road density, distance to rivers and river density. A total of 288 landslides were identified after analyzing previous technical surveys, airborne imagery and conducting field surveys. Also, 288 non-landslide areas were identified with the usage of Google Earth imagery and the analysis of a digital elevation model. The two datasets were merged and later divided into two subsets, training and testing, based on a random selection scheme. The produced landslide susceptibility maps were evaluated by the receiving operating characteristic and the area under the success and predictive rate curves (AUC). The results showed that AUC based on the training and testing dataset was similar and equal to 0.89. However, the processing time during the training and implementation phase was considerable different. SWARA-ANFIS-PSO appeared six times faster in respect to the processing time achieved by SWARA-ANFIS-SFLA. The proposed novel approach, which combines expert knowledge, neuro-fuzzy inference systems and evolutionary algorithms, can be applied for land use planning and spatial modeling of landslide susceptibility.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ANFIS, landslide susceptibility, PSO, SFLA, SWARA
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G70.212-70.215 Geographic information system
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:87431
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:08 Nov 2020 11:59
Last Modified:08 Nov 2020 11:59

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