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Development of a double inverted pendulum model for human gait analysis

Ibrahim, Zameera (2017) Development of a double inverted pendulum model for human gait analysis. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Engineering - School of Biomedical Engineering and Health Sciences.


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Gait analysis is an essential tool in clinical rehabilitation. It facilitates the diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and implementation of methodologies that mitigate the effect of some pathologies associated with the movement. This analysis uses a systematic quantification, follow up and interpretation of the temporal sequence of movement that characterize human locomotion. It also requires a collection of kinematic and kinetic data that describes the displacements, angles and forces on the lower limbs and its joints during a gait cycle. However experimental procedures are difficult to carry out, time consuming and experienced people are required. The aim of this project is formulation and implementation of a double inverted pendulum (DIP) model to desrible the dynamics of human gait. The model consists the physiological extension of a head-arms-trunk (HAT) and leg segment. LaGrangeEular mechanics used for mathematical modelling. Simulations were performed,using simulink and MATLAB sortware. The hip angle, angle. ankle angle and ground reaction forces were compared against experimental data. It was found that experimental hip angle matched against each other from 20% to 75% of gait cycle while the experimental ankle angle deviated considerably from model ankle angle from 50% gait cycle onwards. In addition, GRF calculations showed that both model and experiment horizontal GRF reached the same maximum value of 15% BW while the minimum values deviated considerably. On the other hand, vertical GRF of experiment and model followed a similar pattern although significant deviation were observed at mid cycle. As a result, the computed Root Mean Square Errow (RMSE) for the modelled and experimental results were considerably higher which could be attributable to uncertainties in the model input parameters.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Kejuruteraan Bioperubatan)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2018; Supervisor : Dr. Aizreena Azaman
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:87192
Deposited By: Fazli Masari
Deposited On:30 Nov 2020 17:00
Last Modified:30 Nov 2020 17:00

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