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Preparation and characterization of kenaf papers reinforced with tapioca starch: Physicomechanical and morphological properties

Low, Jiun Hor and Ghanbari, Taravat and Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Aizan and A. Majid, Rohah (2018) Preparation and characterization of kenaf papers reinforced with tapioca starch: Physicomechanical and morphological properties. Journal of Natural Fibers, 15 (2). pp. 191-203. ISSN 1544-0478

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2017.1321518

Abstract

The present study reports the preparation and characterization of kenaf papers that reinforced with tapioca starch by using the ammonium zirconium (IV) carbonate as coupling agent. The examination shows the tearing resistance, tensile strength, and Young’s modulus of the kenaf papers are enhanced with the addition of starch and coupling agent, up to 3% and 1%, respectively. Under the optimum formulation, the degree of coupling reaction is 87%. The Fourier transform infrared and morphological analyses confirm the performance enhancement of kenaf papers is achieved via the formation of chemical bonding between the kenaf fiber and tapioca starch.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:papers, starch
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:86679
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Sep 2020 17:04
Last Modified:30 Sep 2020 17:04

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