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Nanofiltration of aerobically-treated palm oil mill effluent: Characterization of the size of colour compounds using synthetic dyes and polyethylene glycols

Tan, Y. H. and Lau, W. J. and Goh, P. S. and Yusof, N. and Ismail, A. F. (2018) Nanofiltration of aerobically-treated palm oil mill effluent: Characterization of the size of colour compounds using synthetic dyes and polyethylene glycols. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 13 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1823-4690

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Abstract

Membrane-based separation is one of the emerging technologies that have garnered significant interest in recent years for the treatment process of palm oil mill effluent (POME). As documented in the literature, different types of membrane processes such as ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) were used for the POME treatment and the efficiency of separation varied depending on the membrane properties. Unlike the previous works that used membranes to treat POME, the main focus of this current work is to utilize NF membrane to characterize the size of colour compounds in the aerobically-treated POME (AT-POME). Two different markers, i.e., synthetic dyes and polyethylene glycols (PEGs) with molecular weight (MW) in the range of 200-1000 g/mol were used to characterize the colour compounds in the AT-POME. Results showed that dyes are more suitable compared to PEGs for the characterization because dyes possessed negative charge similar as the colour compounds in the AT-POME. By using dyes as the markers, it was found that the size of the colour compounds in the AT-POME was at MW of 300-400 g/mol. Precise determination of the size of colour compounds in the AT-POME is of importance as it could provide useful information on the selection of ideal membrane properties (in particular pore size or molecular weight cut-off) to achieve complete solute separation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Colour, Dyes
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:86355
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:31 Aug 2020 22:00
Last Modified:31 Aug 2020 22:00

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