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A review of gas enhanced oil recovery schemes used in the North Sea

Gbadamosi, Afeez O. and Kiwalabye, Joseph and Junin, Radzuan and Augustine, Agi (2018) A review of gas enhanced oil recovery schemes used in the North Sea. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 8 (4). pp. 1373-1387. ISSN 2190-0558


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13202-018-0451-6


The rate of replacement of produced oil and gas reserves by new discoveries is in a state of steady decline. Instead of searching for rare new oil fields, it is more economically justified to improve production from the existing and known fields. This is often achieved using enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technologies. The application of EOR in the North Sea dates to the mid-1970’s with most of the fields being flooded with gas due to their light oils. Following a critical review of relevant published literature, the EOR methods in the past five decades are: water alternating gas (WAG), miscible gas injection (MGI), foam assisted water alternating gas (FAWAG), simultaneous water and gas (SWAG), and microbial enhanced oil recovery. The first part of this paper explores the advantages and limitations of the field implementation of gas EOR methods in North Sea oil fields. In the second part, new screening criteria of WAG, SWAG, MGI and FAWAG were developed by performing statistical analysis of the data from the past field experiences, especially in the North Sea. The screening criteria of the future methods are clearly documented in the literature and therefore not covered in this study. From the screening criteria, it has been identified that most North Sea fields qualify for WAG. This explains why WAG has been the most common scheme in the North Sea. FAWAG should also be implemented either after WAG or SWAG when the residual oil saturation is < 20%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enhanced oil recovery, foam and water alternating gas, miscible gas injection, North Sea, recovery factor, water alternating gas
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:86339
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:31 Aug 2020 22:02
Last Modified:31 Aug 2020 22:02

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