Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

X-ray shielding behaviour of kaolin derived mullite-barites ceramic

Ripin, Azuhar and Kunchi Mohamed, Faizal K. P. and Choo, Thye Foo and Yusof, Mohd. Reusmazzran and Hashim, Suhairul and Ghoshal, Sib Krishna (2018) X-ray shielding behaviour of kaolin derived mullite-barites ceramic. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 144 . pp. 63-68. ISSN 0969-806X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.11.01...


Mullite-barite ceramic (MBC) is an emergent material for effective shielding of redundant ionizing radiation exposure. The composition dependent mechanical, thermal, and microstructure properties of MBC that makes MBC a high performing novel radiation shielding candidate remained unexplored. This paper examines the possibility of exploiting Malaysian kaolin (AKIM-35) and barite (BaSO4) derived ceramic (MBC) system for X-ray shielding operation. Using conventional pressing and sintering method six ceramic samples are prepared by mixing AKIM-35 with barite at varying contents (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt%). Synthesized pressed mixtures are calcined at 400 °C for 30 min and then sintered to 1300 °C for 120 min at a heating rate of 10 °C/min. Sintered samples are characterized via X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), lead equivalent (LE), uniformity and dose reduction analyses. XRD pattern of prepared ceramics revealed the presence of monoclinic barium alumino-silicate (BAS) and orthorhombic mullite as major shielding phases together with other minor phase of barite and hexagonal quartz (SiO2) structures. Furthermore, FESEM images of ceramics (between 0 and 30 wt%) displayed the existence of compacted monoclinic plate of BAS and acicular mullite morphology (ceramics at 40 and 50 wt%). Radiation tests displayed the capacity of ceramics (at 0 and 10 wt%) to shield the X-ray radiation emanated at tube potential range of 50–120 kV. The highest radiation attenuation is ascertained at 70 kV where the dose is reduced remarkably between 99.11% and 97.42%. Ceramics at 0 and 10 wt% demonstrated the highest lead (Pb) equivalent thickness (LE) of 0.44 mm and 0.34 mm, respectively. It is established that such MBC may contribute towards the development of shielding material against ionizing radiation in diagnostic radiology (X-ray) dose range.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Barite, X-ray shielding
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
ID Code:86245
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:31 Aug 2020 21:54
Last Modified:31 Aug 2020 21:54

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