Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

A kinetic and mechanistic study of adsorptive removal of metal ions by imidazole-functionalized polymer graft banana fiber

Selambakkannu, Sarala and Othman, Nor Azillah Fatimah and Abu Bakar, Khomsaton and Abdul Shukor, Shakirah and Abdul Karim, Zulhairun (2018) A kinetic and mechanistic study of adsorptive removal of metal ions by imidazole-functionalized polymer graft banana fiber. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 153 . pp. 58-69. ISSN 0969-806X

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2018.09.01...

Abstract

Chemically modified fibrous bio-adsorbent extracted from banana trunk was synthesized for potential application in adsorption of heavy metal from wastewater. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) polymer graft was first introduced onto the fiber through electron beam irradiation technique. GMA-grafted fiber was subsequently functionalized with imidazole (IMI) group through epoxide ring-opening reaction where amine density of 2.00 mmol/g was achieved. The adsorbent was characterized with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA). An extensive kinetic and mechanistic study on the adsorptive removal of metal ions (Cu2+, Pb2+ and Zn2+) by IMI-functionalized GMA-grafted banana fiber is presented. The effects of pH and initial concentration on adsorption capacity were investigated. The adsorption data were correlated with pseudo-first and second order model and the isotherms were analyzed with Langmuir and Freundlich model in order to explain the kinetics and adsorption mechanisms of different metal ions. The thermodynamic studies revealed that the adsorption process for metal ions was exothermic. We also demonstrated that the IMI-GMA-grafted fiber can be regenerated using dilute HNO3 solution, and can be recycled up to 10 times while maintaining satisfactory adsorption performance. Lastly, the chemically modified bio-sorbent was used to treat a local domestic sewage water.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Amine functionalization, banana trunk, heavy metal adsorption, hinetic study, radiation induced graft polymerization
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:86028
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:30 Aug 2020 16:49
Last Modified:30 Aug 2020 16:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page