Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Facile acid treatment of multiwalled carbon nanotube-titania nanotube thin film nanocomposite membrane for reverse osmosis desalination

Wan Azelee, I. and Goh, P. S. and Lau, W. J. and Ismail, A. F. (2018) Facile acid treatment of multiwalled carbon nanotube-titania nanotube thin film nanocomposite membrane for reverse osmosis desalination. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181 . pp. 517-526. ISSN 0959-6526

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.212

Abstract

Thin film composite (TFC) reverse osmosis (RO) membrane, which has been widely applied for desalination, consists of an ultra-thin polyamide (PA) coating layer that supported on a porous support membrane. The main interest of this work is to perform facile acid modification on the polysulfone (PS) support of TFC and thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes. The PS support was acid treated with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) at a concentration ranging from 1 to 2 M for 24–72 h. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on historical data design (HDD) was used to verify the optimum condition of support membrane with respect to NaCl rejection and water permeability. The highest water permeability was achieved at 1.13 L/m2.h.bar when nanoparticles loading of 0.03% was incorporated into the PA layer and PS support treated at 1.5 M H2SO4 for 48 h. The NaCl rejection of all the synthesized membranes was found to be above 96%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Desalination, RSM
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:85992
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:30 Aug 2020 16:48
Last Modified:30 Aug 2020 16:48

Repository Staff Only: item control page